GAMUT J-2-S
GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF TROPICAL INFECTIOUS AND PARASITIC DISEASES*


DISEASES FOUND WORLDWIDE THROUGHOUT THE TROPICS AND OCCASIONALLY IN TEMPERATE ZONES
1. AIDS
2. Amebiasis
3. Ascariasis
4. Bacillary dysentery (shigellosis)
5. Brucellosis
6. Cysticercosis
7. Filarial diseases
8. Fungus diseases
9. Giardiasis
10. Hookworm disease
11. Hydatid disease (more common in temperate zones)
12. Kwashiorkor
13. Leishmaniasis (kala-azar)
14. Leprosy
15. Lymphogranuloma venereum
16. Malaria
17. Plague
18. Pyomyositis
19. Schistosomiasis (bilharziasis)
20. Strongyloidiasis
21. Taeniasis saginata or t. solium (tapeworm infection)
22. Tetanus
23. Toxoplasmosis
24. Trichinosis (esp. neurotrichinosis)
25. Trichuriasis (whipworm infection)
26. Tropical myositis
27. Tuberculosis
28. Typhoid and paratyphoid fever
29. Yaws and syphilis


WEST INDIES AND CARIBBEAN
Diseases in Worldwide list, plus
1. Tropical sprue


CENTRAL AMERICA, MEXICO, AND PANAMA
Diseases in Worldwide list, plus
1. Angiostrongyloidiasis costaricensis
2. Chagas' disease
3. Paragonimiasis (rare)
4. Tropical ulcer


SOUTH AMERICA
Diseases in Worldwide list, plus
1. Chagas' disease
2. Melioidosis (rare)
3. Paragonimiasis (rare)
4. Sparganosis


EAST AFRICA, NORTH AFRICA, ARABIA, AND MIDDLE EAST
Diseases in Worldwide list, plus
1. Dracunculiasis (guinea worm infection)
2. Gnathostomiasis (Israel)
3. Helminthoma
4. Pentastomiasis (Armillifer infection)
5. Smallpox (residual effects only)
6. Sparganosis


WEST AFRICA
Diseases in Worldwide list, plus
1. Dracunculiasis (guinea worm infection)
2. Helminthoma
3. Loiasis (Loa loa)
4. Paragonimiasis
5. Pentastomiasis (Armillifer infection)
6. Smallpox (residual effects only)


CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN AFRICA
Diseases in Worldwide list, plus
1. Dracunculiasis (guinea worm infection)
2. Helminthoma
3. Pentastomiasis (Armillifer infection)
4. Smallpox (residual effects only)


INDIA AND SRI LANKA
Diseases in Worldwide list, plus
1. Dracunculiasis (guinea worm infection)
2. Gnathostomiasis
3. Paragonimiasis
4. Pentastomiasis (Armillifer infection)
5. Tropical sprue


ASIA (including JAPAN and the PACIFIC ISLANDS)
Diseases in Worldwide list, plus
1. Angiostrongyloidiasis cantonensis
2. Anisakiasis (esp. Japan)
3. Clonorchiasis, opisthorchiasis, and other liver fluke diseases; Oriental cholangiohepatitis
4. Gnathostomiasis
5. Intestinal capillariasis
6. Melioidosis (esp. Southeast Asia)
7. Paragonimiasis
8. Pentastomiasis (Armillifer infection) (esp. Philippines)
9. Sparganosis


* This list is arranged alphabetically and the order does not in any way suggest the relative risks or frequencies of the various diseases. If used together with the list of differential diagnoses based on the organ or system involved (Gamut J-1-S), the possible cause of illness in a traveler or immigrant from the tropics may be suggested. Only infectious and parasitic diseases are listed.




References