ABNORMAL SIGNAL IN THE INFERIOR VENA CAVA
|1.|| Blood clot|
|2.|| Carcinoma with direct invasion of IVC (eg, adrenal, hepatocellular, or renal cell carcinoma)|
|3.|| [Flow-related enhancement] |
|4.|| IVC filter (eg, for thromboembolism or schistosomiasis)|
|5.|| Nephroblastoma with invasion of IVC (child)|
|3.|| Malignant fibrous histiocytoma|
[ ] This condition does not actually cause the gamuted imaging finding, but can produce imaging changes that simulate it.